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口衛三盧亭妤研究成果成果"The relationship between periodontal disease experience and oral health behaviors in type 2 diabetic patients: a multicenter survey"投稿被美國口腔健康研討會(National Oral Health Conference)接受,預計四月18號前往美國分享研究成果


盧亭妤分析高醫附設中和醫院、小港醫院及台南奇美醫院共491名第二型糖尿病患者其牙周病罹患經驗與口腔健康知識、態度及行為間的相關性,結果顯示有牙周病罹患經驗比起沒罹患經驗的患者有較高的口腔健康知識及態度,另外牙間刷的使用、敏感性牙膏的使用以及半年內前往牙科等行為也與牙周病罹患經驗有顯著相關。建議第二型糖尿病患者應定期前往牙科以改善其對牙周病的認知、態度及自我照護行為。

 

NOHC摘要內容:

The relationship between periodontal disease experience and oral health behaviors in type 2diabetic patients: a multicenter survey

Lu, TY(盧亭妤)1; Hsu, YJ(許原榕)2; Huang, HL(黃曉靈)1

1Department of Oral Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical

University

2School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University

Objective: Oral care behaviors in diabetic patients is essential to control their disease and to reducing the risks of periodontitis. Our aim was to assess the relationship between periodontal disease experience and oral health behaviors in type 2 diabetic patients.

Method: We used a cross-sectional study design. Overall, 491 type 2 diabetic patients were recruited. Patients with type I diabetes, routine use of antibiotics and bisphosphonates, completely edentulous and cancer history were excluded. Aface-to-face interview was used to collect the information by a structured questionnaire. Multivariate regression models analyzed the relationship between periodontal disease experience and oral health behaviors in DM patients.

Result: Patients with periodontal disease experience had significantly higher level of knowledge and attitude compared to those without periodontal disease experience (B= 0.75 and 0.52). Periodontal disease experience in DM patients was significantly associated with the interdental brushes use (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 4.34), sensitive toothpaste use (aOR = 2.60) and dental visit in six months (aOR = 2.29). Of all diabetic patients, 50.9% of patients with periodontal disease had regular dental visit, only 31.3% of patients without periodontal disease had dental visit.

Conclusion: Periodontal disease experience was significantly related to knowledge and attitude toward periodontal health in diabetes patients. Moreover, those patients who have periodontal disease experience were more likely to have dental visit in six months and use interdental brush, which suggested regular dental visit for type II diabetic patients is necessary to improve their periodontal awareness, attitude, and self-care behaviors.

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