恭賀 口衛系碩士班二年級研究生盧亭妤 參加中華牙醫學會107年度大會暨第41次學術研討會 貼示報告競賽基礎組 第三名
Variables associated with oral health status, physical function and quality of life in community-dwelling older adults
Ting-Yu Lu▲ 1; Jen-Hao Chen 2; Ying-Chun Lin1; Hsiao-Ling Huang 1
1Department of Oral Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University
2School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University
Physical function and oral health status influence quality of life in older individuals. A lack of occlusal support result in impaired masticatory function and increased duration of swallowing are recognized as physiological changes due to aging. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether oral health, oral hygiene and oral function are associated with frailty, sarcopenia and cognition status in community-dwelling older Taiwanese adults. Furthermore, find out which oral factors as predictors of physical changes. This cross-sectional survey recruited 151 adults aged ≥65 years old. Dental examination (i.e. charting, plaque index and tongue coating) was implemented by a dentist. Information concerning oral and denture care behaviors, body function, xerostomia index, swallowing function, mastication function, and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) were collected via a face-to-face interview questionnaire. Moreover, 30 seconds the repetitive saliva swallowing test (RSST), 10 seconds oral diadochokinesis, chewing performance using color-changeable chewing gum and five consecutive times rising from a chair were recorded by the interviewer. The prevalence of pre-frailty was 17.2%. About 17.2% participants had fewer than 20 teeth and 15.2% had swallowing problem. The mean GOHAI scores was 50.97±5.48. The worse the oral health status are, the more dissatisfaction of life the elderly are. Therefore, we suggest that prevent the oral health problems at young age and increase the health function in later life.