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口衛三鄧婷云研究成果” Oral Health Disparities of Preschool Children among Southeast Asian Immigrant Women in Arranged Transnational Marriages in Taiwan:A Cross-sectional Study” 投稿被2017美國口腔健康研討會(National Oral Health Conference)接受,預計4月21號前往美國分享研究成果

鄧婷云分析台北市政府衛生局20,194筆資料中本土籍與新住民孩童口腔健康狀況的不一致、媽媽的知識、態度與行為對孩童口腔的影響及新民孩童對口腔健康照護的需求,結果顯示新住民孩童齲齒指標高於本土籍,且含糖食物和飲料攝取頻率(一天攝取一次以上)及媽媽睡前是否協助孩童潔牙對孩童口腔健康狀況有顯著相關,其中家長睡前協助潔牙具有保護作用。建議為新住民實施文化上平等的口腔健康促進介入計畫。

NOHC摘要內容:

Oral Health Disparities of Preschool Children among Southeast Asian Immigrant Women in Arranged Transnational Marriages in Taiwan: A Cross-sectional Study

Deng, TY1(鄧婷云); Lin, YC1(林盈諄); Chen, SC2(陳首珍); Lian, CC2(連芷君) ; Huang, HL1(黃曉靈)

1Department of Oral Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University

Abstract

Objective:

Taiwan has been faced with the migration of large numbers of women from Southeast Asian countries. They are highly susceptible and vulnerable to health problems because of language barriers, cultural conflicts, social and interpersonal isolation and a lack of support systems. This segregation has gradually led to inferior medical care for these women and their children. This study assessed the oral health disparities and oral health care needs of children whose parents are Southeast Asian immigrant women in arranged transnational marriages.

Method:

A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data in 2015. A total of 20,194 (416 immigrants, 19,778 natives) child–parent participant pairs from Taipei City, Taiwan. The children aged 2–6 years received dental examinations, and the parents completed a structured self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between children’s oral health and their related factors.

Result:

The dmft index (decayed, missing or filled tooth) was 2.61 in immigrant children and 1.92 in native children (p < 0.001). Children who consumed sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) more than once per day (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 3.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10–8.25) increased the likelihood of developing caries. The protect factor associated with children's oral health was who received maternal assistance in tooth-brushing before sleeping (aOR = 0.45; 95% CI 0.21–0.94).

Conclusion:

Disparities in oral health among immigrant and native children were observed. The findings suggest that culturally adequate oral health promotion intervention programs should be implemented for immigrants.

The source of funding: Department of Health, Taipei City Government, Taiwan

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