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口衛三學懿研究成果成果" Dietary Intake of Snacks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages between Meals Associated with Severe Early Childhood Caries in Taiwan Capital City"投稿被2017美國口腔健康研討會(National Oral Health Conference)接受,預計4月21號前往美國分享研究成果

王學懿分析台北市衛生局23,842筆3-5歲學齡前孩童的齲齒及口腔衛生行為資料結果顯示,孩童含糖食物攝取頻率(每周七次以上)和含糖飲料攝取(每周七次以上) 與孩童早發性嚴重齲齒(Severe Early Childhood Caries) 有顯著相關。建議學童父母或主要照護者應改變他們的飲食習慣(減少含糖食物與飲料攝取頻率)、並規範學校和社區內含糖飲料店的分布,減少他們可接觸含糖飲料的機會。

NOHC摘要內容:

Dietary Intake of Snacks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages between Meals Associated with Severe Early Childhood Caries in Taiwan Capital City

HY, Wong1; H, Lee2; HL, Huang1

  1. Department of Oral Hygiene, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University
  2. School of Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University

Abstract

Objectives:

In Taiwan, there is one convenience store for every 2,500 people in the surrounding community, which is among the highest in the world. In addition, tea shops selling highly sweetened drinks are dense in urban areas and are within a short walking distance from dwellings, giving Taiwanese ready access to sugar beverages. We therefore analysed the dietary habits (i.e. snacks and beverages) between meals associated with Severe Early Childhood Caries (SECC) in urban children.

Methods:

A large-scale survey of children aged 3-5 was conducted in 2015 in Taipei City, Taiwan. Total 23,842 children finished oral examination by dentists and their caregivers completed questionnaires of dietary behaviors. SECC was defined by dmft≥4 (age 3), ≥5 (age 4), or ≥6 (age 5). Logistic regression models analysed the association between SECC and dietary habits.

Results:

The SECC prevalence of children living in the capital city was 12.4%. Frequency of snacks and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage (SSB) intake more than once per day in children was 29.7% and 6.8%, respectively. SSB intake more than once a day [Adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR)=4.94, 95%CI= 2.83-8.62] and snacks intake more than once a day (aOR=2.24, 95%CI= 1.62-3.09) was associated with children’s SECC.

Conclusions:

Urban children who consumed SSB and sweets more than once per day increased the risk of SECC development. Children caries preventive strategies should be directed toward recognizing the importance of dietary management. Moreover, limiting the availability and accessibility of SSBs through policy intervention in schools or communities can decrease SSBs consumption.

*The source of funding: Department of Health, Taipei City Government, Taiwan.

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