口衛三王宥甯研究成果成果" Effects of Mother’s Education on Use of Preventive Oral Health Services and Child’s Dental Caries in Taiwan"投稿被2017美國口腔健康研討會(National Oral Health Conference)接受，預計4月21號前往美國分享研究成果
Effects of Mother’s Education on Use of Preventive Oral Health Services and Child’s Dental Caries in Taiwan
YN, Wang1(王宥甯); H, Lee2; HL, Huang1(黃曉靈)
Mothers with low education level displayed lower level of oral health-related knowledge, which can contribute to fewer use of preventive services and child’s poorer oral health outcomes. We analyzed the effects of mother’s education on utilization of prevention health services and dental caries in pre-school children.
A large-scale survey of children aged 3-5 was conducted in Taipei City in 2015. A total of 33,671 mothers completed the self-administered questionnaire, and their children finished oral examination. Of the mothers, 1.73 percent (n=583) had an education level below high school, defined as low education level (LEL). Regression models analyzed the association between children’s caries and preventive oral health services among mothers with LEL.
Nearly 70% of LEL mothers did not know that fluoride vanish can prevent decay. Frequency of use of fluoride vanish was lowest (36.4%) in LEL mothers, followed by high school and college graduated mothers (46.4% and 56.2%, respectively). Compared to college graduated group, children with LEL mothers were significantly less likely to receive fluoride vanish application [Odds Ratio (OR) =0.45]. LEL mothers who were aware that government provide free fluoride varnish services for children under 6 years old (adjusted OR=0.61, 95% CI=0.39-0.96) and active take their child to have fluoride varnish applied (adjusted OR=0.44, 95% CI=0.30-0.66) was less likely to have carious teeth.
Lower use of preventive oral health services were found in children with LEL mothers. The results suggest that oral health promotion strategies need to be targeted to mothers from disadvantaged background.